Scientific and engineering group

Compressor, vacuum, refrigeration engineering and systems of gas transport and processing

Created by specialists of the "Compressor, vacuum and refrigeration engineering" department of Peter the Great St. Petersburg Polytechnic University

Verification and Validation of CFD Modeling for Low-Flow-Coefficient Centrifugal Compressor Stages

Abstract: In this paper, the numerical model of a centrifugal compressor low-flow stage is verified.
The gaps and labyrinth seals were simulated in the numerical model. The task was to determine the
optimal settings for high-quality modeling of the low-flow stages. The intergrid interface application
issues, turbulence and roughness models are considered.

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Analysis of the influence of theoretical head coef-ficient on the low-flow centrifugal compressor stage characteristics

The article presents the results of a numerical study of the influence of the theoretical head coefficients on the characteristics of a low-flow stage of a centrifugal compressor. The study was conducted in the Ansys CFX 19.2 software package. As a result of a numerical study, it was found that the drop in the efficiency of the compressor stage with an increase in the theoretical head coefficient is associated with a decrease in the efficiency of the stationary elements due to the increased absolute speed behind the impeller. At the same time, an increase in the theoretical head coefficient leads to a decrease in losses associated with the coefficient 1 + βlk + βfr, and therefore, an increase in the polytropic efficiency of the impeller is observed at values ​​of the theoretical head coefficient Ψt ≤0.64.

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Numerical Study Of The Equivalent Roughness Effect On The Low-Flow Centrifugal Compressor Impeller Characteristics

The article presents the results of a numerical study of the effect of equivalent sand-grain roughness on the characteristics of a low-flow centrifugal compressor stage. Low-flow stages are widely used in high-pressure compressors as the last stages. These compressors are used for natural gas booster compressor stations, as well as in technological processes for the production of methanol, ammonia, high — pressure polyethylene, etc. The efficiency of the low-flow stages is lower than that of medium-and high-flow centrifugal compressors stages. Stages operate at high pressure and have low gas volume flow rates. For this reason they have narrow channels of the flow part, significant friction and leakage losses. The study was conducted in the Ansys CFX 19.2 software package. In the first part of the study, the low-flow stage numerical model  is validated with the test results. Full-scale tests of the stage were carried out at the LPI-SPbPU earlie. In the second part of the study, impeller equivalent sand-grain roughness numerical study carried out. As a result, the characteristics of the stage were obtained at four different values of equivalent sand-grain roughness ks. The impeller losses were estimated. It is established that when the ks values increase, the polytropic head and efficiency values do not decrease equally over the entire characteristic. Characteristics are significantly reduced in areas of high expenditure and change slightly with minimal expenditure. The internal head coefficient varies slightly depending on ks

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Investigation of the real gas conversion method for a low-temperature methane compressor

In this work, a study was made of methods for converting a real gas from a full-scale compressor to a model one for low-temperature pure methane using the equations of state of a real gas Benedict-Webb-Rubin and Peng-Robinson. In the course of the work, the features of recalculation methods were studied, a model of an air compressor was selected, corresponding in parameters to a model of a low-temperature methane compressor using the theory of similarity, using similarity criteria. Also, in this work, the features of the application of various equations of state were studied when describing the model of a low-temperature methane compressor, as well as the features that arise when this model is converted to an air model analogue. Data were obtained on the possibility of applying the proposed methods on real units, and the invariance of the method with respect to the used equations of state of a real gas for pure methane at temperatures from 150 to 300 K and a division of 0.2 MPa was proved. At the final stage of the work, comparative characteristics of two models of natural methane compressors were obtained, based on different equations of real gas, describing the medium and two models of model compressors using air as a working medium and being model analogs of the above units.

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Calculation and research of the diaphragm compressor main elements

The article presents the experience of calculating and studying of the high-pressure membrane compressor main elements research experience, running on gaseous oxygen. The following issues are considered: determining the distribution and limiting disks surface profile, compressor main loaded elements strength calculation, modeling the temperature distribution in the membrane block during operation. These studies can be useful for further membrane compressor units development and can be used as a basis for calculations and new installations design.

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